The Battle of Winchelsea

The Freelance History Writer

Page from the illuminated manuscript of Jean Froissart’s “Chronicles’ depicting a medieval naval battle

By the time of reign of King Edward III of England, some of the Angevin Empire had been lost. Edward still retained the Duchy of Aquitaine, the legacy of Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of King Henry II. Edward held the duchy as a vassal of the French King Philip VI. When he did not fulfill his duties as vassal, Philip seized the valuable asset, rightly angering Edward. In 1340, Edward declared himself King of France, citing his mother Isabella of France’s birthright as the daughter of King Philip IV. Thus began the Hundred Years War which lasted from 1337-1453 between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France and their various allies.

In the beginning, Edward and his eldest son, Edward the Black Prince were successful in battle at Crécy in 1346 and Calais…

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